The latest bottom line analytics of the partner’s and you may wife’s socioeconomic properties, wedding costs, and you can wife’s empowerment try demonstrated when you look at the Table step 1

The latest bottom line analytics of the partner’s and you may wife’s socioeconomic properties, wedding costs, and you can wife’s empowerment try demonstrated when you look at the Table step 1

step 3.dos Marriage methods

Line (1) account the data on complete test, and you will column (2) records them for the subsample, we.elizabeth., wives who possess a minumum of one sibling and another cousin. The new sumple is actually stated because the quintessential faster-form estimation with a couple of wedding expenses repaid toward wife’s siblings and you can brothers by the particular during the-laws are only able to end up being presented on the subsample. The common age of husbands was forty.six age. Husbands, an average of, accomplished primary education (5 years), and 56% of these was literate. The average age of spouses was 35.8 ages. Spouses, an average of, didn’t over primee home take into account 27% regarding total households interviewed. The average measurements of agricultural belongings for every single domestic is step three.24 miles, with almost forty% off homes becoming landless. Footnote eleven Having 39% of the wives, their beginning community is the same as compared to the husbands, 66% of those is partnered to help you a sis, and you can 17% is actually married inside the watta satta (fiance replace, or practically, “give–take”). Footnote 12 Many of these are novel attributes of relationships when you look at the Punjab, Pakistan. However, the fresh new northwestern section of Asia, as well as Indian Punjab, has been traditionally recognized for hypergamy, which wives is actually y contrasts having endogamy and you may relative y given that one or two household arranging watta satta you should never theoretically to see hypergamy at same day, and so are probably to be in the same personal category and you can financial condition. Wife’s natal family’s home earnings at the time of wedding is actually PKR 171,695 Footnote thirteen normally. It was answered retrospectively from the spouse that’s, therefore, likely susceptible to keep in mind errors just like those found regarding the number of personal dowry or any other matrimony expenditures, regardless of if money tends to be easier for respondents so you can bear in mind in contrast to a personal dowry comprising various issues. I implemented equivalent work to reduce survey recall problems.

Allegedly, recalling every item of their private dowries out of years before might be difficult

The first an element of the questionnaire asks husbands regarding their ount. Due to the fact dowry is known to help you consist of certain products that permit an early couple first off the marriage just after wedding, i asked about the value of for each and every goods in the dowry. The real real question is “Essentially, in your community, to have children including your, what’s the calculate value of for each items considering because dowry during the time of the new daughter’s relationship?” I explicitly inquired about dowry because observed in their community, or jati (= sub-caste), because we have been selecting the technique of dowry alone because really because individual amount of dowry their parents paid off. The cure for issue in the dowry locally was browsing communicate particular details about dowry practices. Their reply might declaration simply how much they will pay money for for every item when they already undergoing delivering a good dowry to their child. In either case, the solution will render so much more exact tips toward itemized worth of dowry. Next part of the survey asks wives about their private dowries or any other relationships expenses, we.elizabeth., “Simply how much dowry (bride-to-be price) did your parents (in-laws) provide during the time of your ounts are utilized from the chief empirical analysis. Brand new correlation coefficient between your personal dowry amount and people-established dowry count was 0.65 (Fig. 3). Town-oriented dowry count exceeds the personal dowry number paid because of the wives’ moms and dads, that’s not surprising because of the alleged increasing development about actual number of dowry.

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